Leahey, Andrew J., "Ninth Circuit Nine Plus — Settling the Law with Regards to Internet Keyword Advertising and Trademark Use" 22 May 2015. Available on SSRI.
This note examines the ambiguity of the current law in the area of trademarked keyword advertising and the circuit split that contributed therein. Further, it will argue that for all intents and purposes the purchase of a trademarked keyword for the purposes of advertising is no different than any other trademark use, and thus should be treated in the law uniformly. Currently, in the Second Circuit, the “use” of a keyword for the purposes of the Lanham Act is more stringently looked at than other trademark uses. The bar is thus set highest on just the area of law where the most growth and future potential for infringement lies.
Leahey, Andrew J., "Genetically Modified Organisms and Southern African Food Policy" 01 April 2013. CUREJ: College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal, University of Pennsylvania.
This paper examines why it is that Zambia and Zimbabwe, two states with similar background conditions and initial positions, arrived at differing policy decisions with regards to genetically modified organisms (GMO). The two neighboring Southern African states are economically dependent on their agricultural sector, share a common colonial legacy, rely heavily on maize as a subsistence crop and have struggled with issues of food security. Their decisions were shaped by their post-colonial legacy and differing conceptions of modernity. In the years following independence, Zambia sought to subsidize their agricultural sector through inputs and credit. Zimbabwe instead focused on land reform and reapportionment, and in so doing hampered their agricultural sector enough to necessitate GMO acceptance. An understanding of the motivations for rejection of GMO in Southern Africa has implications for future food relief programs within Africa and elsewhere.